Children always love to ask questions. Like ‘why do people get sick?’ or ‘where do babies come from?’ Their questions are endless and since then they have been ingrained to ask questions. As we get older, queries become more complex. The universe is a vast and mysterious place. For centuries, Scientists always tried to explain some theories about the Universe like why we’re here and where we came from. Some of the things that we take as true but the reality is quite different. Scientists and philosophers have done their best to destroying our common perceptions of it. The 10 examples below is an examination of the most mind-blowing theories about the universe.
The “Big Freeze” is a scientific theory of the end of the universe. It is also known as the Heat Death, is one of the possible scenarios predicted by scientists. It is possible that a Big Rip or a Big Freeze event may happen far off into the future. Scientists measure Slow Death of the Universe. The universe has a limited supply of energy. According to Big Freeze theory, when that energy finally runs out, the universe will eventually collapse into a frozen state.
Solipsism is sometimes expressed as the view that “I am the only mind which exists”. It is the kind of thing that makes common people think of philosophers as a stupid person. Solipsism is one of the most interesting theories of mind, which states that nothing can be verified except the existence of one’s own mind.
So let’s sum up the main ideas of solipsism. Solipsism was first recorded by Gorgias of Leontini who is considered to be the father of solipsism. Much of the point of the Sophists was to show that “objective” knowledge was a literal impossibility:
- Nothing exists.
- Even if something exists, nothing can be known about it.
- Even if something could be known about it, knowledge about it can’t be communicated to others.
George Berkeley, a famous idealist philosopher, argued that everything exists as an idea in someone’s mind. Idealists are understood to represent the world as it might or should be, unlike pragmatists, who focus on the world as it presently is.
Idealism is a term in philosophy that refers to the rejection of a physical reality. “A person who looking for high or noble principles, purposes, goals, etc. a person who represents things as they might or should be rather than as they are: My friend is an idealist, who somehow thinks that we always agree. a writer or artist who treats subjects imaginatively.”
Plato and the Logos
I know everyone has heard of Plato. He is one of the world’s most leading philosophers. Like all philosophers, he also had a few things to say about reality. He claimed that in addition to the world we’re all familiar with, there lies a world of “perfect” forms. All the things we see around us here are simply reflections, an imitation of how things truly are. He argued that by studying philosophy we have a chance of catching a glimpse of how things truly are, of discovering the perfect forms of everything we perceive.
Time is something we take for granted: if we view it at the moment, we usually divide it into past, present, and future. Presentism is the anachronistic introduction of present-day ideas and argues that there is neither the past nor a future; only the present exists.
In other words, your last birthday does not exist and every word of this article will cease to exist after you have read it until you open it again.
Eternalism is the exact opposite of presentism. This philosophical theory postulates that time actually has many layers, and could perhaps be compared with a sponge cake. All time exists simultaneously, but the measurement is determined by the observer. What he sees depends on where he is standing.
So dinosaurs, World War Two and Lady Gaga all exist at the same time but can only be viewed from a certain point. If one takes this view of reality then the future is hopeless and the deterministic free will is illusory.
Brain in the Vat
The “Brain in the Vat” thought-experiment is a problem encountered by thinkers and scientists who believe that one’s understanding of reality depends solely on their subjective feelings. So, what is the debate? Well, let’s imagine for a moment that we are merely brains in vats that is run by aliens or mad scientists. How would you know? And can you truly deny the possibility of this situation actually being the case for us right now?
Brain-in-vat is a modern spin on Descartes’ Evil Demon problem. This thought experiment leads to the same conclusion: we cannot confirm the actual existence of anything except our consciousness.
The Multiverse Theory
Anyone who hasn’t been living under a rock for the past ten years will have at least heard of the multiverse or parallel universes. As many of us have seen, parallel words, in theory, are worlds very similar to ours, with little (or in some cases, large) changes or differences. According to the theory, there is an infinite number of these universes. What’s the point? In a parallel reality, you may be living in the opposite corner of the world or may have already died in a car crash.
The most exciting implication of the Multiverse Theory? Superman is real. Yes, some of you would probably choose a different story, for argument’s sake, Harry Potter might be real too. This branch of the theory argues that given an infinite number of universes, then there must be quite a few which contain real-life versions of our favorite fictional characters.
Everyone is interested in what happens to things when we aren’t looking at them. Philosophers have studied this problem intently, and some have reached a simple conclusion: they vanish. Well—not exactly. Phenomenalist philosophers believe that objects only exist as a phenomenon of consciousness.
So, your cheese sandwich is only here while you are aware of it and believe in its existence, but when you turn away from it, it ceases to exist until you or someone else interacts with it. No prescription, no existence. That’s phenomenalism in a nut-shell.